• Josefina Olívia Marques Godinho Salvado University of Aveiro
  • Ana Maria Alves Pedro Ferreira University of Algarve
  • Carlos Manuel Martins Costa University of Aveiro


Tourism Distribution, Travel Agencies, Interactivity, Co-Creation, Social Web


Travel Agencies (TA) business model is shifting from "Sold To" (Trip Centric) to "Selling With" (Traveler Centric). The traditional system of company-centric value creation is becoming obsolete. Prahalad & Ramaswamy (2004) argue that consumer wants to interact with firms and thereby co-create value. In this TA new frontier, the role of the consumer has changed from isolated to connected, from unaware to informed, from passive to active.

The rapid adoption of the Internet as distribution channel and Social Web as a privileged communication tool between people has pressed organizations to experiment with innovative methods of interaction with consumers in computer-mediated environments. Companies must use interactive tools, create rich profiles and share workspaces, stimulating customers to produce content. It is vital listen, reach out and engage them in a two-way conversation.

Virtual Communities exchange all types of information e.g. trip emotions, travel experiences or even purchase choices. Customers, employees and partners collaborate, giving companies new ideas and insights. TA organizations should observe their behavior, tap into customer creativity, recognizing and rewarding them for the contribution. Social Web has become the backbone of the travel agency value constellation. So, an internal and external corporation strategic alignment will be required, in order to expand their customer relationship, promoting themselves online and profiting with collective intelligence during co-creation experiences.

Author Biographies

  • Josefina Olívia Marques Godinho Salvado, University of Aveiro
    PhD Student
  • Ana Maria Alves Pedro Ferreira, University of Algarve
    PhD, Associate Professor
  • Carlos Manuel Martins Costa, University of Aveiro
    PhD, Associate Professor with aggregation





Papers/Extended Abstracts in English

How to Cite

CO-CREATION: THE TRAVEL AGENCIES’ NEW FRONTIER. (2012). Tourism & Management Studies, 229-244.