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Author Guidelines

Authors are invited to make a submission to this journal. All submissions will be assessed by an editor to determine whether they meet the aims and scope of this journal, follow the journal guidelines, and make a significant contribution. Those considered to be a good fit will be sent for peer review before determining whether they will be accepted or rejected. An editor may desk-reject a submission if it does not meet minimum standards of quality.

Before submitting, authors are responsible for obtaining permission to publish any material included in the submission, such as photos, documents, and datasets. All authors identified on the submission must consent to be identified as an author. 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items. By submitting you agree that you have read and agreed with the following guidelines.

Compliance with the journal's guidelines:

  1. Originality:
    • The authors declare that the submitted paper is original and free of plagiarism.
    • The authors declare that the submitted paper has not been previously published and is not currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. 
  2. Language issues:
    • All the journal’s papers are published in English (we prefer British English, but other English variants are accepted). The title, abstract, and keywords are also published in a second language which may be Portuguese or Spanish. When needed (if authors do not master these languages), the journal can provide a free (without any cost) translation of titles, abstracts, and keywords into Portuguese.
  3. Manuscript length:

Tourism & Management Studies publishes mainly full papers and very rarely short communications. Full papers should consist of 6,000–9,000 words, including references, and make a significant contribution to the relevant field. The Editorial Board may, however, accept longer papers if they are of special interest to the journal. Short Communications (4000-6000 words) are expected to make a substantial contribution similar to a research paper. 

4. Manuscript structure:

Each manuscript must include an abstract of 150-180 words and no more than 6 keywords in English and in either Portuguese or Spanish. When needed, the journal can provide a free translation of these items into Portuguese. The abstract should state the research’s purpose, main results, and major conclusions in a concise, factual manner. The abstract also needs to represent the essence of the research and be able to stand alone. References are not permitted, and abbreviations should be avoided. However, if the latter are essential, they must be defined with the full associated term at their first mention and be used more than once in the abstract.

Each manuscript should have a suitable structure, preferably including an Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Results, Discussion and Conclusions (including Theoretical contribution, Practical Implications, Limitations, and Suggestions for Future Research), followed by References. 

5. Manuscript anonymisation:

Before submitting a paper, please make sure that the authors’ identities have been removed from the manuscript, including from the document’s Properties information. If one of the authors’ previous works is cited in the paper, only the word ‘Author’ and year should be inserted in the References instead of that author’s name, paper title, and so on. Once the blind review process is concluded, references to the manuscript authors’ existing publications should be completed.

6. Manuscripts’ formal aspects:

a) Formatting: Manuscripts should be submitted as a Microsoft Word file, in a Calibri 9 pt font, and with the line spacing set as Multiple 1.15.

b) Internal organization: All sections should be given a heading and numbered as well as subheadings (i.e. 1.    1.1    1.1.1).

c) Tables and figures must be included in the text in an editable format, especially all items produced using Microsoft Office. In the case of other types of files, make sure that they are high-resolution. Each table, figure, or graph must be preceded by a reference in the previous paragraph. If the text includes equations, they must be inserted in an editable format. 

d) APA style: In-text citations or references to specific works in the main text, as well as the references list, must be formatted strictly according to APA 6th or 7th Edition guidelines. All references or citations made in the text should be listed in the References section, and the latter can only contain sources cited within the text, tables, and figures. An extremely important point to keep in mind is that incomplete references will not be accepted.

The list of references must be presented in alphabetical order in APA style. For example:

Bowdin, G., Allen, J., O’Toole, W., Harris, R., & McDonnell, I. (2008). Events management. London: Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann.

Upton, M. (2004). Crowd safety planning for major concert events. In C. Kemp, & I. Hill (Eds.), Health and safety aspects in the live music industry (pp. 143–161). Cambridge: Entertainment Technology Press.

World Bank. (2004). Beyond economic growth. Retrieved 23 January 2022 from

Zheng, J. J., Shen, H., Chau, K. Y., Liu, T., & Li, E. L. (2021). Factors influencing conative loyalty in anthropology museum tourism. Tourism & Management Studies, 17(2), 29-40.

Note: The correct use of et al. in APA-style references is as follows. The first time that a source with 3 to 5 authors is cited or referred to in the text, all surnames are included, followed by the publication year (Smith, Parsons & Jones, 2001). In all subsequent citations, only the name of the first author is included, followed by et al. without italics (Smith et al., 2001). When a cited source has six or more authors, only the first author’s surname is included, followed by et al. in any citations in the text. An exception to this rule is when more than one source with the same first author and publication year is cited in your paper, in which case the second or more authors’ surnames must be included to avoid any possible confusion.

e) Acknowledgments should appear after the Conclusions section and before the References list.

f) No footnotes or endnotes are permitted.

special issue "Social Media and Digital Transformation"

Call for Papers: Social Media and Digital Transformation

Important Dates:

Submission Deadline: October 31, 2023; Notification of Acceptance: January 15, 2024; Publication of Special Issue: January 31, 2024

Digitization has revolutionized how we interact, communicate, and access information, with social media, as one of the pillars of this transformation. The social media phenomenon has sparked a cultural revolution on a worldwide scale. Initially, social media may have enabled storytelling and interpersonal connections, but soon it became an innovative market field for marketers and managers to approach consumers. Companies that understand the potential of social media can ensure that they can keep up with the rapid pace of digitalization. Social media provides companies a platform for advertising and co-creating value with their audiences. The customer can be seen as a co-creator of the product/service by communicating their ideas through social media. Customers get engaged as an external driving force for a product or service development in collaboration with the company (Chuang, 2020). Furthermore, social media allows companiesto get in touch with their customers quickly, which may help to upgrade and transform their offers, increasing sales (Dwivedi et al., 2020). Social media has brought many benefits to society regarding social connection and content sharing among users. The impact of social media on information dissemination is unmeasurable and is considered by many as an innovative means of customer engagement (Hou et al., 2020). However, there are also problems associated with the spread of misinformation, online surveillance, and hate speech, among others (Di Domenico et al., 2021). Social media can provide voluminous, real-time, and customer-generated content data with potential value for organizations and companies. Social media is considered a representative data source for business intelligence research (Choi et al., 2020). Artificial Intelligence driven algorithms on social media platforms analyze user data to deliver personalized content, recommendations, and advertisements, enhancing user engagement and satisfaction. In the tourism field, the development of social media is considered a significant force reshaping how tourism agents communicate with the customer about their destinations and how the tourist selects, evaluates, participates, and identifies the destination and business (Sigala & Gretzel, 2017). We are pleased to announce a forthcoming Special Issue on Social Media and Digital Transformation to be published in Tourism & Management Studies. With this Special Issue, we aim to bring together innovative and cutting-edge research that delves into the multifaceted relationship between social media and digitalization. Authors are invited to submit original research papers, reviews, or conceptual papers following the journal's guidelines for submission. All submissions will undergo rigorous peer review to ensure the highest scientific quality. Topics of interest for submissions include, but are not limited to: Artificial Intelligence Data Privacy and Security Digital Citizenship Digital Transformation E-Commerce and Social Media E-Government and E-Democracy Fake News and Misinformation Influencer Culture Information Diffusion Online Activism and Social Movements Online Communities Social Media Analytics Social Media and Business Communication Social Media and Customer Engagement Social Media and Education Social Media and Mental Health Social Media and Political Participation Social Media Marketing Social Network Analysis User-Generated Content Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality

Guest Editors:

Marisol B. Correia (PhD) ESGHT, Universidade do Algarve & Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation – CiTUR & Research Centre for Tourism, Sustainability and Well-being - CinTurs & CEG-IST, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa; Portugal; Nelson de Matos (PhD) ESGHT, Universidade do Algarve & Research Centre for Tourism, Sustainability and Well-being - CinTurs & Centre for Tourism Research, Development and Innovation – CiTUR; Portugal; Vera Gelashvili (PhD) Rey Juan Carlos University, Business Economics Department. Member of research group EcoTTuG; Spain; Juan Gabriel Martínez Navalón (PhD) Rey Juan Carlos University, Business Economics Department. Member of research group MARPRISO; Spain;


Choi, J., Yoon, J., Chung, J., Coh, B. Y., & Lee, J. M. (2020). Social media analytics and business intelligence research: A systematic review. Information Processing and Management, 57(6), 102279. Chuang, S. H. (2020). Co-creating social media agility to build strong customer-firm relationships. Industrial Marketing Management, 84(May 2019), 202–211. Di Domenico, G., Sit, J., Ishizaka, A., & Nunan, D. (2021). Fake news, social media and marketing: A systematic review. Journal of Business Research, 124, 329-341. Dwivedi, Y. K., Ismagilova, E., Hughes, D. L., Carlson, J., Filieri, R., Jacobson, J., Jain, V., Karjaluoto, H., Kefi, H., Krishen, A. S., Kumar, V., Rahman, M. M., Raman, R., Rauschnabel, P. A., Rowley, J., Salo, J., Tran, G. A., & Wang, Y. (2020). Setting the future of digital and social media marketing research: Perspectives and research propositions. International Journal of Information Management, June, 102168. Hou, Q., Han, M., & Cai, Z. (2020). Survey on data analysis in social media: A practical application aspect. Big Data Mining and Analytics, 3(4), 259–279. Sigala, M., & Gretzel, U. (Eds.). (2017). Advances in social media for travel, tourism, and hospitality: New perspectives, practice, and cases (1st ed.). Routledge.

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