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Author Guidelines

Authors are invited to make a submission to this journal. All submissions will be assessed by an editor to determine whether they meet the aims and scope of this journal, follow the journal guidelines, and make a significant contribution. Those considered to be a good fit will be sent for peer review before determining whether they will be accepted or rejected. An editor may desk-reject a submission if it does not meet minimum standards of quality.

Before submitting, authors are responsible for obtaining permission to publish any material included in the submission, such as photos, documents, and datasets. All authors identified on the submission must consent to be identified as an author. 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items. By submitting you agree that you have read and agreed with the following guidelines.

Compliance with the journal's guidelines:

  1. Originality:
    • The authors declare that the submitted paper is original and free of plagiarism.
    • The authors declare that the submitted paper has not been previously published and is not currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. 
  2. Language issues:
    • All the journal’s papers are published in English (we prefer British English, but other English variants are accepted). The title, abstract, and keywords are also published in a second language, which may be Portuguese or Spanish. When needed (if authors do not master these languages), the journal can provide a free (without any cost) translation of titles, abstracts, and keywords into Portuguese.
  3. Manuscript length:

Tourism & Management Studies publishes mainly full papers and very rarely short communications. Full papers should consist of 6,000–9,000 words, including references, and make a significant contribution to the relevant field. The Editorial Board may, however, accept longer papers if they are of special interest to the journal. Short Communications (4000-6000 words) are expected to contribute substantially like a research paper. Because the journal rarely accepts short communications, contacting the Editor ( is advisable before submission. 

4. Manuscript structure:

Each manuscript must include an abstract of 150-180 words and no more than 6 keywords in English and in either Portuguese or Spanish. When needed, the journal can provide a free translation of these items into Portuguese. The abstract should state the research’s purpose, main results, and major conclusions in a concise, factual manner. The abstract also needs to represent the essence of the research and be able to stand alone. References are not permitted, and abbreviations should be avoided. However, if the latter are essential, they must be defined with the full associated term at their first mention and be used more than once in the abstract.

Each manuscript should have a suitable structure, preferably including an Introduction, Literature Review, Methodology, Results, Discussion and Conclusions (including Theoretical contribution, Practical Implications, Limitations, and Suggestions for Future Research), followed by References. 

5. Manuscript anonymisation:

Before submitting a paper, please make sure that the authors’ identities have been removed from the manuscript, including from the document’s Properties information. If one of the authors’ previous works is cited in the paper, only the word ‘Author’ and year should be inserted in the References instead of that author’s name, paper title, and so on. Once the blind review process is concluded, references to the manuscript authors’ existing publications should be completed.

6. Manuscripts’ formal aspects:

a) Formatting: Manuscripts should be submitted as a Microsoft Word file, in a Calibri 9 pt font, and with the line spacing set as Multiple 1.15.

b) Internal organization: All sections should be given a heading and numbered as well as subheadings (i.e. 1.    1.1    1.1.1).

c) Tables and figures must be included in the text in an editable format, especially all items produced using Microsoft Office. In the case of other types of files, make sure that they are high-resolution. Each table, figure, or graph must be preceded by a reference in the previous paragraph. If the text includes equations, they must be inserted in an editable format. 

d) APA style: In-text citations or references to specific works in the main text, as well as the references list, must be formatted strictly according to APA 6th or 7th Edition guidelines. All references or citations made in the text should be listed in the References section, and the latter can only contain sources cited within the text, tables, and figures. An extremely important point to keep in mind is that incomplete references will not be accepted.

The list of references must be presented in alphabetical order in APA style. For example:

Bowdin, G., Allen, J., O’Toole, W., Harris, R., & McDonnell, I. (2008). Events management. London: Elsevier Butterworth Heinemann.

Upton, M. (2004). Crowd safety planning for major concert events. In C. Kemp, & I. Hill (Eds.), Health and safety aspects in the live music industry (pp. 143–161). Cambridge: Entertainment Technology Press.

World Bank. (2004). Beyond economic growth. Retrieved 23 January 2022 from

Zheng, J. J., Shen, H., Chau, K. Y., Liu, T., & Li, E. L. (2021). Factors influencing conative loyalty in anthropology museum tourism. Tourism & Management Studies, 17(2), 29-40.

Note: The correct use of et al. in APA-style references is as follows. The first time that a source with 3 to 5 authors is cited or referred to in the text, all surnames are included, followed by the publication year (Smith, Parsons & Jones, 2001). In all subsequent citations, only the name of the first author is included, followed by et al. without italics (Smith et al., 2001). When a cited source has six or more authors, only the first author’s surname is included, followed by et al. in any citations in the text. An exception to this rule is when more than one source with the same first author and publication year is cited in your paper, in which case the second or more authors’ surnames must be included to avoid any possible confusion.

e) Acknowledgments should appear after the Conclusions section and before the References list.

f) No footnotes or endnotes are permitted.

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