Study of the female entrepreneurship An Empirical Evidence in the Municipality of León in Nicaragua

Justa Pastora Amador-Ruiz, Antonio Juan Briones-Peñalver

Abstract


Women's entrepreneurship is one of the main challenges in economic growth. In this context, in the context of the creation of new companies, it can be considered as one of the main mechanisms that contribute in an important way to achieve the desired welfare for society, reducing unemployment, increasing innovation and improving competitiveness and favoring an important part of economic growth.This article analyzes the influence of the socioeconomic and psychosocial factors of the female entrepreneurship. For this purpose, a sample of 101 women entrepreneurs in the municipality of León, Nicaragua, has been used. We apply Factor Analysis and Regression Analysis, in order to detect the relationship between the considered factors. Some results indicate that all variables considered have a significant influence on the probability of entrepreneurship, the capacity of entrepreneurial women increases when they have skills, knowledge and have an early contact in the business world.

Keywords


Women, Entrepreneurship, Sociodemographic and Psychosocial Factors.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Acs, Zoltan J., & Amorós, José Ernesto. (2008). Entrepreneurship and competitiveness dynamics in Latin America. Small Business Economics, 31(3), 305-322. doi: 10.1007/s11187-008-9133-y

Aldrich, Howard, Zimmer, Catherine, & Jones, Trevor. (1986). Small business still speaks with the same voice: a replication of ‘the voice of small business and the politics of survival’. The Sociological Review, 34(2), 335-356.

Alvarez, C., Urbano, D., & Amorós, J. (2012). GEM research: achievements and challenges. Small Business Economics, 42. doi: 10.1007/s11187-013-9517-5

Álvarez, Claudia, Noguera, María, & Urbano, David. (2012). Condicionantes del entorno y emprendimiento femenino: un estudio cuantitativo en España. Economía industrial(383), 43-52.

Alvarez, Claudia;, & Urbano, David. (2011). Una Década de Investigación basada en el GEM: Logros y Retos (A Decade of GEM Research: Achievements and Challenges). Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración(46), 16-37.

Amorós, José Ernesto, Guerra, Massiel, Pizarro, Olga, & Poblete, Carlos. (2006). Mujeres y actividad emprendedora en Chile. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor.

Angelelli, Pablo, & Llisterri, Juan J. (2003). El BID y la promoción de la empresarialidad: lecciones aprendidas y recomendaciones para nuevos programas: Inter-American Development Bank.

Arenius, Pia, & Minniti, Maria. (2005). Perceptual variables and nascent entrepreneurship. Small business economics, 24(3), 233-247.

Bandura, Albert, & Walters, Richard H. (1977). Social learning theory.

Bills, Nicole. (2015). EDUCATION AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN AMMAN, JORDAN.

Bird, Miriam;, & Wennberg, Karl (2016). Why family matters: The impact of family resources on immigrant entrepreneurs' exit from entrepreneurship. Journal of Business Venturing, 31(6), 687-704.

Bosma, Niels, Hessels, Jolanda, Schutjens, Veronique, Van Praag, Mirjam, & Verheul, Ingrid. (2012). Entrepreneurship and role models. Journal of Economic Psychology, 33(2), 410-424.

Brush, Candida G. (1992). Research on women business owners: Past trends, a new perspective and future directions. Small Business: Critical Perspectives on Business and Management, 1038-1070.

Brush, Candida G, & Gatewood, Elizabeth J. (2008). Women growing businesses: Clearing the hurdles. Business Horizons, 51(3), 175-179.

Carter, S., & Ram, M. (2003). Reassessing portfolio entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 21. doi: 10.1023/a:1026115121083

Carter, Sara;, & Shaw, Eleanor. (2006). Women's business ownership: Recent research and policy developments.

Castiblanco, Moreno Suelen Emilia. (2016). Female entrepreneurship in a forced displacement situation: The case of Usme in Bogota. Suma de Negocios, 7(15), 61-72. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sumneg.2016.02.004

Davidsson, Per, & Honig, Benson. (2003). The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs. Journal of business venturing, 18(3), 301-331.

De Bruin, Anne, Brush, Candida G, & Welter, Friederike. (2007). Advancing a framework for coherent research on women's entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 31(3), 323-339.

Ejermo, Olof, & Hansen, Høgni Kalsø. (2015). How important are local inventive milieus: The role of birthplace, high school and university education. Geoforum, 65, 387-397. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2014.12.002

Gibb, Allan A. (1987). Enterprise culture—its meaning and implications for education and training. Journal of European Industrial Training, 11(2), 2-38.

Hoang, Ha, & Antoncic, Bostjan. (2003). Network-based research in entrepreneurship: A critical review. Journal of business venturing, 18(2), 165-187.

Holienka, Marian, Jan?ovi?ová, Zuzana, & Kova?i?ová, Zuzana. (2016). Drivers of Women Entrepreneurship in Visegrad Countries: GEM Evidence. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 220, 124-133. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.476

Juste, Carrión Juan José;, Gomez, García Jesús María;, & Fernández, Arufe Josefa E (2011). Economía social y desarrollo local/rural: un análisis de sus sinergias. Estudios de economía aplicada, 29(1), 7-33.

Kim, Phillip H, & Aldrich, Howard E. (2005). Social capital and entrepreneurship. Foundations and Trends® in Entrepreneurship, 1(2), 55-104.

Krueger, N, Reilly, M., & Carsrud, A. (2000). Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 15. doi: 10.1016/s0883-9026(98)00033-0

Langowitz, Nan, & Minniti, Maria. (2007). The entrepreneurial propensity of women. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 31(3), 341-364.

Linan, Francisco. (2008). Skill and value perceptions: how do they affect entrepreneurial intentions? International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 4(3), 257-272.

Luque, T. (2000). Técnicas de análisis de datos en investigación de mercados. Ediciones Pirámide. Madrid (Spain).

Medina, Contento Alejandro. (2015). Propensión al riesgo en la decisión de crear empresa. Estudio empírico en el contexto colombiano. Universidad Nacional de Colombia-Sede Manizales.

Minniti, Maria;, & Naudé, Wim. (2010). What do we know about the patterns and determinants of female entrepreneurship across countries? The European Journal of Development Research, 22(3), 277-293.

Mundial;, Banco, & CEPAL, NU. (2010). BID y CEPAL (2010),“. Cómo reducir las brechas de integración”, Nota de discusión de políticas, Tercera Reunión de Ministros de Hacienda de América y el Caribe, Lima, Perú, mayo.

De Nieve, Nieto Carmen; , & Briones, Peñalver Antonio Juan (2009). Las empresas de economía social y su relación con las instituciones: colaboración con la universidad en asuntos medioambientales. CIRIEC-España, Revista de Economía Pública, Social y Cooperativa(65), 85-111.

Noguera, Maria; , Alvarez, Claudia;, Merigo, Jose´ M;, & Urbano, David. (2015). Determinants of female entrepreneurship in Spain: an institutional approach. Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015, 21:, 341–355.

Nunnally, J.C.; , & Bernstein, I.J. . (1995). Teoría Psicométrica: México: McGraw-Hill.

Nunnally, JC, & Bernstein, IH. (1978). Psychometric Theory McGraw-Hill New York Google Scholar.

Ortíz García, Pilar, & Millán Jiménez, Ana. (2015). Emprendedores y empresas. La construcción social del emprendedor.

Pilková, Anna, Jan?ovi?ová, Zuzana, & Kova?i?ová, Zuzana. (2016). Inclusive Entrepreneurship in Visegrad4 Countries. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 220, 312-320. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.504

Powers, Jennifer, & Magnoni, Barbara. (2010). Dueña de tu propia empresa: Identificación, análisis y superación de las limitaciones a las pequeñas empresas de las mujeres en América Latina y el Caribe. Washington, DC: Fondo Multilateral de Inversiones, BID.

Ramos, Rodríguez Antonio Rafael;, Medina, Garrido José Aurelio;, Lorenzo, Gómez, José Daniel;, & Ruiz, Navarro José. (2010). What you know or who you know? The role of intellectual and social capital in opportunity recognition. International Small Business Journal, 28(6), 566-582.

Rania, Shamsul Hana Abd, & Hashimb, Norashidah. (2015). FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE WOMEN ENTREPRENEURIAL SUCCESS IN MALAYSIA: A CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK.

Rodríguez, Carlos, & Jiménez, Manuel. (2005). Emprenderismo, acción gubernamental y academia. Revisión de la literatura. Innovar, 15(26), 73-89.

Ruiz, Navarro José Ruiz, & Cordura, Martinez Alicia (2012). Mujer y desafío emprendedor en España. Características y determinantes. Economía industrial, 383, 13-22.

Sasu, Constantin, & Sasu, Luciana. (2015). Demographic Determinant of the Entrepreneurship Intentions. The Case of Romania. Procedia Economics and Finance, 20, 580-585. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2212-5671(15)00111-2

Schumpeter, Joseph Alois. (1934). The theory of economic development: An inquiry into profits, capital, credit, interest, and the business cycle (Vol. 55): Transaction publishers.

Shabbir, Amama, & Di Gregorio, Silvana. (1996). An examination of the relationship between women's personal goals and structural factors influencing their decision to start a business: The case of Pakistan. Journal of Business Venturing, 11(6), 507-529.

Shane, S., & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25.

Somarriba, Sandoval Fabiola Lissette. (2015). Actividad emprendedora en el desarrollo económico local: evidencias para el caso de Nicaragua y municipio de León, 2000-2013.

Veciana, José María. (1989). Características del empresario en España. Papeles de Economía Española, 39.

Venkataraman, Sankaran. (2004). Regional transformation through technological entrepreneurship. Journal of Business venturing, 19(1), 153-167.

Ventura, Fernández, Rafael; , & Quero, Gervilla, María José (2013). Factores explicativos de la intención de emprender en la mujer. Aspectos diferenciales en la población universitaria según la variable género/Explicative Factors for Entrepreneurial Intention in Women: Gender Differentials Amongst the University Population. Cuadernos de gestión, 13(1), 127.

Verheul, Ingrid, & Thurik, Roy. (2001). Start-up capital:" does gender matter?". Small business economics, 16(4), 329-346.

Wang, Yi-Shun. (2003). Assessment of learner satisfaction with asynchronous electronic learning systems. Information & Management, 41(1), 75-86.


Comments on this article

View all comments




Copyright (c) 2017 Tourism & Management Studies

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.